Lithium-ion batteries are the new standard in power. They can be found powering everything from electric cars to smartphones to garden tools, and it is even possible for them to hold a charge for years at a time! However, these batteries do require some care if you want to keep their lifespan as long as possible. Follow these steps below on how you can properly care for your lithium-ion battery so that they last longer than ever before!
Table of Content
- Proper Care of Lithium-ion Batteries – the Most Important Tips
- What are the Advantages of Lithium-ion Batteries?
- One Battery for All Devices
Proper Care of Lithium-ion Batteries – the Most Important Tips
With these tips, you can extend the life of lithium-ion batteries:
Charging lithium-ion batteries correctly
Charging your battery correctly is very important if you want to ensure its lifespan. When charging the lithium-ion batteries, it is important that they remain in a room temperature environment and avoid any sources of heat such as an oven or dishwasher. Keeping them at room temperature will also help reduce charge time so that you can get back out there with your garden tools.
Charging your lithium-ion battery for the first time is somewhat different than normal because you should only charge them to about 50% or 60%. Charging it all the way can reduce its longevity and power capacity. However, there are some batteries that come pre-charged so keep an eye out on this if purchasing a new battery.
What does the charging station depend on?
The charging station needs a power source to charge the battery. The voltage of this power source should be between 100V and 240V since that is what most chargers are designed for today.
Only charge your battery with a charger from the manufacturer. Only operate the charger at temperatures between + 41 and + 104 degrees Fahrenheit. If the battery is too warm, the charging process will not start on some devices until it has cooled down somewhat. Some fast chargers have an integrated cooling air system. This speeds up the charging process. To be on the safe side, unplug the charger after charging. If you have several batteries, it is best to use them alternately and do not store any unused ones.
What should you pay attention to during the winter break?
Do not leave the battery in low temperatures for too long. If you expect that the temperature will be lower than -4 degrees Fahrenheit, remove it from your tool and keep it somewhere with a higher room temperature (for example inside). Lithium-ion batteries do not perform well in cold weather. On average, they lose about 20% of their capacity when stored at 32°F over time. When storing lithium batteries in wintertime, always use fully charged cells or store them in an area where they can be recharged easily if needed!
Store lithium-ion batteries correctly
Lithium-ion batteries are sensitive to temperature. They can even react violently if they receive too much of a voltage surge of heat from the surrounding area, so it is important that you store them properly! Here’s what you should do:
Battery Storage Temperature
When storing lithium-ion batteries for a longer period of time (more than 30 days), keep them at 40% state-of-charge and around 77 degrees Fahrenheit. If possible, use a storage temperature between 68°F and 78°F as recommended by battery manufacturers. In colder temperatures, your battery will charge slower but this also applies in hot conditions where there is a risk of overheating which causes permanent damage to the cells. Lithium-ion chemistry performs best within this range of temperatures.
Storage Charge Level
The state-of-charge is a very important parameter for lithium-ion batteries. When you store them, it is recommended to keep their charge level between 40% and 70%. This means that if your battery has a capacity of 100Ah (Amp-hours), the storage charge should be around 40Ah or 70Ah. You can store your lithium-ion batteries for a long time as long as they are not fully charged or overcharged.
After the storage charge, you must recharge them after usage to 100% – even if you have used only one-third of their total capacity/charge level (33%). There is no need to wait for a complete charge before using the battery. If you have not used it for a long time, recharge the battery to 40-70% and then use it – even if its voltage is below 12V – this will help to activate the internal chemical processes of your lithium-ion batteries.
It is recommended that you do not discharge them completely.
What are the Advantages of Lithium-ion Batteries?
Lithium-ion batteries are more efficient than lead-acid batteries. They have a higher capacity and their energy density is two times bigger than that of lead-acid batteries. Lithium-ion technology was first used in the mobile phone industry, but it has also been introduced for other applications such as e-bikes, laptops, or power tools/garden equipment. The application areas of lithium-ion battery technology continuously expand into new sectors – from small handheld devices to large machines working on diesel or petrol motors, even wind turbines with megawatt capacities! Their wide use can be explained by many advantages including high specific energies (more watt-hours per kilogram), lightweight, long life span, and safety as well as quick charging time due to the high specific current.
One Battery for All Devices
If you have a battery that powers one tool, then this is the post for you. Lithium-ion batteries are rechargeable and can be used in a variety of tools including drills, chainsaws, hedge trimmers, saw for cutting small trees, cordless lawn mowers and leaf blowers. Batteries from all brands will require the same amount of care but they do need to be cared for differently.