Goats are among the earliest domesticated animals. Today, it is believed that there are over 450 million goats globally. They are often raised for milk, meat, and wool. Whether you are commercial or hobby farmer, raising goats can be a good idea!
If you plan to raise goats for whatever purpose it may serve, one of the most important is to understand their characteristics. Goats exist in all shapes, colors, and sizes. For the uninitiated, they may look the same, but the truth is, they are different in more ways than one.
Different goat breeds will have different care requirements. Some will be more sensitive than the others. Their meat and milk production rate will also vary, which will be important considerations if you plan to raise these animals in a farm.
Want to know more about goat breeds? Check out the informative table below.
|Originating from the French Alps, they can produce up to two gallons of milk. They have horns and erect ears.
|A British breed of domestic goat, it has large lop ears and a convex profile.
|A horned goat, this is one of the most picturesque breeds. It looks like a sheep, especially its coat.
|A goat breed from Bangladesh, it has a black or brown coat. This goat has small horns and legs.
|A goat breed that popular for its meat production, they have white bodies and brown heads.
|This goat is known for its production of cashmere wool. It has a fine and soft winter undercoat.
|This medium-sized Danish goat is a crossbreed. It has seven coat colors, but the most common are white, blue, and black.
|A breed of Italian domestic goat, it is currently in danger of disappearance. It is known for its twisted spiral horns.
|Small to medium-sized, these goats are rare breeds, which are often kept for milk production.
|Also known as settlement goats, they are already on the verge of extinction. It is the only farm animal sponsored by the national government of Iceland to ensure its survival.
|This domestic goat from Ireland is known for its milk and meat production. It is a long-haired and horned goat, often black, white, or grey in color.
|Kalahari Red Goat
|A goat breed from South Africa, it is known for its red coat. This goat is raised for meat production.
|A breed of goat from New Zealand, the name literally translates to meat in English. It has lean meat and known for its mothering skills.
|This goat breed was developed in 1985 as a cross between a pygmy and a Nubian. It can weigh up to 150 pounds.
|Also called a Cretan goat, it is a breed found primarily in Crete in Greece.
|These goats are easy to recognize because of their short ear pinnae. They are also known for their milk production.
|A native to the Canary Islands, it is a medium-sized dairy goat with an elongated body.
|Also called Tennessee fainting goats, they have lock-up skeletal muscles, which cause them to fall briefly.
|It is a miniature but well-proportioned goat. The size is about half of an average goat. This is a great goat for milk production at home.
|This modern American goat is known for its dairy production. Its coat has prominent black markings.
|Raised for its meat, the Philippine goat is recognizable for its slender body.
|Also called Cameroon dwarf goat, these are small goats with African origin. They have limbs that are not proportionate to their body.
|Raised primarily for its meat, this goat is tall and wide with short hair. They are commonly found in Australia.
|The largest breed of Swiss goat, it can be horned or hornless. Males can grow as big as 200 pounds.
|From the Saanen goat of Switzerland, it has large ears and short hair. The average weight is 145 pounds.
|A goat breed from Somalia and East Kenya, it is medium sized with short hair and short ears.
|These goats can survive even in harsh environments. They are small, tough, and have horned ears.
|A breed of goat from Central Germany, it is grown for milk production.
|Being around since the 1600s, it is one of the oldest goat breeds. It has a straight face and full beard. They also have flap on the neck.
|An alpine goat, this is commonly found in Switzerland and Germany. It has saber-shaped horns and an undercoat that will appear only in the winter.
|You can recognize this goat breed by its twisted horns. It is from Spain and grown primarily for its meat.
|West African Dwarf
|As they are named, these are small goats from West Africa. Their height usually ranges from 12 to 20 inches.
|This goat from Czech Republic is white to light brown in color. It has long legs and body.
|A breed of goat from Xinjiang, China, they are known for their cashmere production. They have prominent long horns.